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Braves rally with two outs in ninth inning to take NLDS Game 3 from Cardinals 3-1

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The Braves, shut out for 8 2/3 innings on Sunday, rallied for three runs with two outs in the top of the ninth inning to come from behind and stun the Cardinals in Game 3 of the NLDS, winning 3-1. They now have a 2-1 series lead and can look to advance to the NLCS with a win in Game 4 on Monday afternoon in St. Louis.

Braves rookie starter Mike Soroka nearly matched veteran Adam Wainwright in a certifiable pitcher’s duel. Soroka relented a lone run in the second inning. Marcell Ozuna doubled, moved to third base on a ground out by Yadier Molina, then touched home on Matt Carpenter‘s sacrifice fly. Soroka finished seven innings, allowing the one run on two hits with no walks and seven strikeouts on 90 pitches.

Wainwright didn’t really get into danger until the eighth inning. Dansby Swanson grounded a single into left field with one out. After pinch-hitter Adam Duvall lined out, Ronald Acuña Jr. and Ozzie Albies drew back-to-back walks to load the bases. Wainwright was clearly spent, so manager Mike Shildt went out to the mound bring in lefty Andrew Miller. Miller was able to get Freddie Freeman to fly out to center field to end the threat. Across 7 2/3 scoreless innings and 120 pitches, Wainwright scattered four hits and a pair of walks with eight strikeouts. It’s the first time the 38-year-old pitched into the eighth inning in a playoff start since tossing a complete game against the Pirates in Game 5 of the 2013 NLDS.

Closer Carlos Martínez took over in the ninth inning. The right-hander, who gave up three runs in his appearance in Game 1, immediately got into trouble, allowing a leadoff double to Josh Donaldson. Martínez, however, rebounded, striking out Nick Markakis and Adeiny Hechavarría. With first base open, Brian McCann was intentionally walked to bring up Swanson, which proved to be a mistake. Swanson swung at the first pitch, ripping a double off the wall in left field to tie the game at 1-1. Martínez continued to leak runs as Duvall brought home two more runs with a single to center field, advancing to second base on the throw home.

The drama continued as Martínez faced Acuña. The two had a difference of opinion in Game 1. Acuña hit a two-run homer off of Martínez, helping the Braves reduce what was a four-run deficit. Acuña celebrated as he rounded the bases, looking back at his dugout containing his fired-up teammates. Martínez wasn’t happy with the antics, saying after the game, “I wanted him to respect the game and respect me as a veteran player.” In Game 3, Martínez walked Acuña with ball four coming on an up-and-in pitch. Molina got in front of a clearly agitated Acuña to deescalate the issue.

In the ninth inning, closer Mark Melancon — who was anything but automatic in previous two appearances against the Cardinals in the NLDS — took over to protect the Braves’ first lead of the day. He got Kolten Wong to ground out for the first out of the inning. After Paul Goldschmidt grounded a double down the right field line, Melancon got Ozuna to strike out looking on a generous called strike from home plate umpire Sam Holbrook. Molina ended the game with a fly out to center field, securing the Braves’ 3-1 victory.

First pitch of NLDS Game 4 is scheduled for 3:07 PM ET on Monday. The Braves are looking to advance to the NLCS for the first time since 2001.

This Day in Transaction History: Cardinals send two players to Phillies in lieu of Curt Flood

Curt Flood
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As a recurring column idea, Bill will expound upon one interesting transaction that occurred on a particular day in baseball history. It won’t always be the most exciting or most impactful transaction, but always something interesting. Feel free to share which transactions stand out to you in the comments.

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The Cardinals and Phillies agreed to terms on a trade involving outfielder Curt Flood on October 7, 1969. The Cardinals sent Flood, Tim McCarver, Joe Hoerner, and Byron Browne to Philadelphia in exchange for Dick Allen, Cookie Rojas, and Jerry Johnson. Flood famously refused to report to the Phillies, citing the club’s poor record, stadium disrepair, and racist fans. Flood challenged baseball’s reserve clause, sitting out the 1970 season. On this day in 1970, the Cardinals sent Willie Montañez and Jim Browning to the Phillies in lieu of Flood.

The trade became one of baseball’s most famous and not because of the quality of players involved. Allen, Rojas, Montañez, McCarver, and Hoerner all had lengthy, productive major league careers. Allen, in fact, would go on to win an MVP Award. Browning was really the only player of the bunch that didn’t pan out, as he never exceeded Double-A before his career in baseball was finished in 1975 at the age of 23.

Baseball’s reserve clause tied players to their teams even when their contracts expired. That is why many well-known players in the 1960’s and prior spent their entire careers with one team. Their options were: accept the below-market salaries offered by their teams or sit out the season in protest.

The Major League Baseball Players Association wasn’t created until 1966, but the reserve clause was challenged prior to Flood. The U.S. Supreme Court held in 1922, in Federal Baseball Club v. National League, that the Sherman Antitrust Act did not apply to Major League Baseball. The Sherman Antitrust Act prohibits in interstate commerce anticompetitive agreements and attempts to create monopolies. The Supreme Court maintained that the business of baseball did not qualify as interstate commerce as it pertains to the Sherman Antitrust Act. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. wrote, “The business is giving exhibitions of baseball, which are purely state affairs.”

New York Giants outfielder Danny Gardella sued then-commissioner Happy Chandler. Gardella was banned five years because he played in the Mexican League. He claimed that was an unfair use of monopolistic power and said that the 1922 Supreme Court ruling no longer applied given the exponential growth of the sport. Gardella ended up settling out of court.

The reserve clause was more seriously challenged in 1953 when Yankees minor league pitcher George Earl Toolson filed a lawsuit against the Yankees. Toolson spent the 1946-48 seasons with the Triple-A affiliate of the Red Sox in Louisville. He joined the Yankees in ’49, reporting to the Newark Bears. The Bears, however, dissolved, so Toolson was sent to the Yankees’ Single-A affiliate the next year. Toolson refused to report, saying that the reserve clause was a restraint of trade. Because the highly competitive Yankees had complete control over his career, he could not willingly play for another team that might afford him a better chance to realize his dream of pitching in the majors. The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, however, reaffirmed the reserve clause.

All of that laid the groundwork for Flood and MLBPA executive director Marvin Miller to challenge the reserve clause when the outfielder refused to report to the Phillies. Flood said in a letter to commissioner Bowie Kuhn, “After 12 years in the Major Leagues, I do not feel I am a piece of property to be bought and sold irrespective of my wishes. I believe that any system which produces that result violates my basic rights as a citizen.”

Aside from a very brief stint with the Washington Senators in 1971, this lawsuit ended Flood’s career in baseball. He was a terrific player, making the NL All-star squad three times, winning seven Gold Gloves, and winning two championships with the Cardinals in 1964 and ’67. From 1961-69, he accrued 39.2 Wins Above Replacement, per Baseball Reference. Only 12 players had more WAR in that span of time.

Sadly, Flood too was unsuccessful in challenging the reserve clause. Judge Irving Ben Cooper of the Southern District of New York denied Flood’s motion for a preliminary injunction, writing, “The game is on higher ground; it behooves every one to keep it there.” He also wrote that “the preponderance of credible proof does not favor elimination of the reserve clause.” The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit also dismissed Flood’s case, citing Federal Baseball Club v. National League and  Toolson v. New York Yankees, Inc. as precedents. The Supreme Court upheld the rulings of the lower courts.

However, Flood and the MLBPA had made the most progress against the case to date. Miller finally nullified the reserve clause five years later when pitchers Andy Messersmith and Dave McNally argued that the reserve clause didn’t give team owners the right to renew player contracts year after year in perpetuity. The MLBPA filed a grievance on behalf of the two players and the case went before an arbitration panel. Peter Seitz, an arbitrator agreed upon by the two sides, ruled in favor of Messersmith and McNally. Major League Baseball appealed in the district court of Western Missouri, but Judge John Watkins Oliver upheld Seitz’s decision. The 8th Circuit Court of Appeals also upheld Seitz. In 1976, the era of free agency began, allowing players with six years of service time to become free agents.

Despite Flood making arguably the greatest impact on the game of baseball, he is not in the Hall of Fame. It is not surprising, though the Hall of Fame is owned and operated by private interests, as the Hall has often taken an ownership-sided slant. It was not until very recently that Miller was elected to the Hall of Fame, in fact. In late February, 102 members of Congress sent a letter to the Hall of Fame urging Flood’s election. Thankfully, we don’t need the Hall of Fame to decide for us whether or not Flood made an impact. He most certainly did and every player who has signed a contract as a free agent in the time since has him to thank. Just ask Gerrit Cole.