Did Joe Maddon make the right call letting Aroldis Chapman bat for himself?

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The situation: Closer Aroldis Chapman successfully saw the Cubs out of a jam in the seventh inning, getting the final two outs after relieving Carl Edwards, Jr. He then pitched a scoreless eighth, helping the Cubs cling to a 3-2 lead. In the bottom half of the eighth, the Cubs had a runner on second base and two outs and Chapman coming up to the plate to face right-handed reliever Cody Allen. As Miguel Montero had already pinch-hit and Willson Contreras was in the game as part of a double-switch, the hitters left on the bench were Kyle Schwarber, Jorge Soler, Chris Coghlan, and Albert Almora, Jr.

Looking to get one more inning out of his star closer, Cubs manager Joe Maddon decided to let Chapman hit for himself. Chapman has taken exactly two regular season plate appearances in his seven-year career in the majors. One resulted in a strikeout, and one resulted in an RBI ground out against the Cubs when he was a Red last year. Not exactly the most experienced hitter but, hey, an RBI!

Maddon is balancing the potential for one more run versus getting three more outs. The Cubs’ win probability going into Chapman’s at-bat was about 87 percent according to FanGraphs. And, per Baseball Prospectus, the average team scored at least one run 27 percent of the time with a runner on third base and two outs during the 2016 regular season. Add in that the Cubs would have to do so against Cody Allen, one of the best relievers in the game, and the probability falls down quite a bit. Theoretically, even if the Cubs were to send up Mike Trout — the on-base percentage leader at .441 — he hits into an out more than half the time and doesn’t get a hit more than two-thirds of the time.

Even if the Cubs were to send up Schwarber, who has already shown himself to be no slouch at the plate despite returning quickly from a horrific knee injury, is it worth the downgrade from Chapman to Pedro Strop or Hector Rondon? No disrespect intended to either pitcher, but they are a level below Chapman when it comes to dominating hitters.

If it were a different situation, perhaps a runner on third base and one out, then pinch-hitting for Chapman makes more sense because the probability of scoring that run is much higher — over 67 percent, to be exact. An experienced hitter is better able to make a productive out as well, as opposed to feebly grounding out, popping out, or striking out. With two outs, Chapman and the pinch-hitter yield the same result most of the time.

As expected, Chapman wound up striking out to end the inning with the Cubs failing to score. And, as expected, Chapman worked a 1-2-3 ninth inning to finalize the game in a 3-2 victory. Results-wise, Maddon punched the right buttons. But even if Chapman had blown the save, it still would have been the right call.

Gaylord Perry, two-time Cy Young winner, dies at 84

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GAFFNEY, S.C. — Baseball Hall of Famer and two-time Cy Young Award winner Gaylord Perry, a master of the spitball and telling stories about the pitch, died at 84.

Perry died at his home in Gaffney, Cherokee County Coroner Dennis Fowler said. He did not provide additional details. A statement from the Perry family said he “passed away peacefully at his home after a short illness.”

The native of Williamston, North Carolina, made history as the first player to win the Cy Young in both leagues, with Cleveland in 1972 after a 24-16 season and with San Diego in 1978 – going 21-6 for his fifth and final 20-win season just after turning 40.

“Before I won my second Cy Young, I thought I was too old – I didn’t think the writers would vote for me,” Perry said in an article on the National Baseball Hall of Fame website. “But they voted on my performance, so I won it.”

“Gaylord Perry was a consistent workhorse and a memorable figure in his Hall of Fame career,” MLB Commissioner Rob Manfred said in a statement, adding, “he will be remembered among the most accomplished San Francisco Giants ever … and remained a popular teammate and friend throughout his life.”

Perry was drafted by the San Francisco Giants and spent 10 seasons among legendary teammates like Hall of Famer Willie Mays, who said Thursday that Perry “was a good man, a good ballplayer and my good friend. So long old Pal.”

Juan Marichal remembered Perry as “smart, funny, and kind to everyone in the clubhouse. When he talked, you listened.”

“During our 10 seasons together in the San Francisco Giants rotation, we combined to record 369 complete games, more than any pair of teammates in the Major Leagues,” Marichal said. “I will always remember Gaylord for his love and devotion to the game of baseball, his family, and his farm.”

Perry, who pitched for eight major-league teams from 1962 until 1983, was a five-time All-Star who was elected to the Hall of Fame in 1991. He had a career record of 314-255, finished with 3,554 strikeouts and used a pitching style where he doctored baseballs or made batters believe he was doctoring them.

The National Baseball Hall of Fame said in a statement that Perry was “one of the greatest pitchers of his generation.” The Texas Rangers, whom Perry played for twice, said in a statement that the pitcher was “a fierce competitor every time he took the ball and more often than not gave the Rangers an opportunity to win the game.”

“The Rangers express their sincere condolences to Gaylord’s family at this difficult time,” the team’s statement said. “This baseball great will be missed.”

Perry’s 1974 autobiography was titled “Me and the Spitter,” and he wrote it in that when he started in 1962 he was the “11th man on an 11-man pitching staff” for the Giants. He needed an edge and learned the spitball from San Francisco teammate Bob Shaw.

Perry said he first threw it in May 1964 against the New York Mets, pitched 10 innings without giving up a run and soon after entered the Giants’ starting rotation.

He also wrote in the book that he chewed slippery elm bark to build up his saliva, and eventually stopped throwing the pitch in 1968 after MLB ruled pitchers could no longer touch their fingers to their mouths before touching the baseball.

According to his book, he looked for other substances, like petroleum jelly, to doctor the baseball. He used various motions and routines to touch different parts of his jersey and body to get hitters thinking he was applying a foreign substance.

Giants teammate Orlando Cepeda said Perry had “a great sense of humor … a great personality and was my baseball brother.”

“In all my years in baseball, I never saw a right-handed hurler have such a presence on the field and in the clubhouse,” Cepeda added.

Seattle Mariners Chairman John Stanton said in a release that he spoke with Perry during his last visit to Seattle, saying Perry was, “delightful and still passionate in his opinions on the game, and especially on pitching.

Perry was ejected from a game just once for doctoring a baseball – when he was with Seattle in August 1982. In his final season with Kansas City, Perry and teammate Leon Roberts tried to hide George Brett’s infamous pine-tar bat in the clubhouse but was stopped by a guard. Perry was ejected for his role in that game, too.

After his career, Perry founded the baseball program at Limestone College in Gaffney and was its coach for the first three years.

Perry is survived by wife Deborah, and three of his four children in Allison, Amy and Beth. Perry’s son Jack had previously died.

Deborah Perry said in a statement to The AP that Gaylord Perry was “an esteemed public figure who inspired millions of fans and was a devoted husband, father, friend and mentor who changed the lives of countless people with his grace, patience and spirit.”

The Hall of Fame’s statement noted that Perry often returned for induction weekend “to be with his friends and fans.”

“We extend our deepest sympathy to his wife, Deborah, and the entire Perry family,” Baseball Hall of Fame chairman Jane Forbes Clark said.